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Activity 1: Spatial Planning and Spatial Research - Projects

Regional Disparities and Cohesion (2007)

What strategies for the Future?

Client:  European Parliament, DG for Internal Policies of the Union (Brussels, Strasbourg)
Partners:  Nordregio - Nordic Centre for Spatial Development (Stockholm), UMS Riate - Réseau Interdisciplinaire pour l´Aménagement du Territoire Européen  (Paris)

The main objective of this study is to provide the Committee on Regional Development with a critical and detailed analysis of intra-regional disparities in Member States of the EU and between Member States, by analysing the situation in 2005 as well as the regional development at national, regional and local levels since 1988 for selected indicators (i.e. GDP, unemployment, population, infrastructure, public services and utilities, urban density, education). The study is also expected to seek to establish what strategies could be developed for the future, in order to adequately address intra-regional disparities in the twelve Cohesion countries, as well as in Bulgaria and Romania. In that, the study should also indicate how Structural Policy has contributed to attaining the objective of harmonious development of all regions and the reduction of intraregional disparities, and what the role of agglomeration effects at EU level is in this process.

Within the project team, RRG is concerned with the analysis of the disparities in access to infrastructure and public services. RRG is responsible for the development of the appropriate methodology, the upgrading of related GIS-databases, analysis of the situation at different spatial scales (raster level, NUTS-0, NUTS-2 and NUTS-3 levels, as well as the production of maps, figures, tables and their associated comments and explanations. In detail, RRG is supposed to provide travel time maps using point and network data for EU27+2 (incl. Norway and Switzerland) for the following public infrastructures: airports, motorways/motorway ramps, railway stations, universities, and hospitals. In a first step the various travel time maps will be produced at raster level (based on a 2x2 km grid for the whole of Europe), in order to illustrate and analyse possible intra-regional disparities and accessibility patterns; afterwards the raster level results will be aggregated and analysed to various NUTS levels to illustrate inter-regional disparities in the access to services. Lastly, RRG is also responsible for a literature review on access to water, energy and telecommunication infrastructures and their development over the last decade.

 More on this topic
Futher Information:  Project coordinator Alexandre Dubois (Nordregio) or Carsten Schürmann for RRG.

Links on the web:  Final report (English), website European Parlament (pdf, 4.8 MB)

Other projects in this field of competence:

Development of a system of indicators for monitoring the development of Sorbian/Wendish culture and language and their valorisation in Brandenburg (2022 - 2023)
Atlas of Industrialisation in the New Federal States (2nd edition) (2020 - 2021)
Development indicator system for "good life" for the Lusatia (2020)
TeMoRi - Territorial Monitoring update and Regional Potential Index for the Baltic Sea Region (2016)
Value-added in renewable energy sector (2014 - 2015)
Serengeti Nationalpark (2014)
ESPON Matrices (2014)
SWOT Analysis of the South Baltic Cooperation Programme 2014-2020 (2013 - 2014)
HTTransPlan - Impact Assessment of Railway Tunnel between Helsinki and Tallinn (2012 - 2013)
Atlas of Industrialisation in the New German Länder (2012 - 2013)
SUTMP Windhoek (2012 - 2013)
Service area analaysis for the City of Münster (Northrhine-Westfalia) (2012)
ESPON BSR TeMo - Territorial Monitoring for the Baltic Sea Region (2012 - 2014)
Service area analaysis for shopping centre in Düren (Northrhine-Westfalia) (2011)
LogMos II (2011 - 2014)
Assessment of Central Places in Bavaria (2010)
Study on Mountain Areas in Southern Norway (2010)
ESPON INTERCO - Indicators of territorial cohesion (2010 - 2012)
ESPON TRACC: Transport Accessibility at Regional/Local Scale and Patterns in Europe (2010 - 2012)
Regional Challenges in the Perspective of 2020 (2010 - 2011)
Status Report on the Establishment of the National Environmental Information Network Kuwait (NEIN) (2009)
TRACECA IDEA (2009 - 2012)
Western NIS (2009 - 2010)
AccBavaria (2008 - 2009)
Analysis of Nordic Labour Market Areas (2007)
RePUS (2007)
ESPON Accessibility (2006 - 2007)
ESPON 4.1.3 (2006)
Accessibility Analysis of the Baltic Sea Region (2006)
FUNDING Infrastructure: Guidelines for Europe (2005 - 2007)
Northern Peripheral, Sparsely Populated regions in the European Union (2005)
SETI (2005 - 2006)
AlpenCors (2004 - 2005)
FOPS 73.319: Regional Impacts of Transport Infrastructures (2004 - 2006)
ESPON 1.1.1: The Role, Specific Situation and Potentials of Urban Areas as Nodes in a Polycentric Development (2002 - 2004)
ESPON 2.1.1: Territorial Impacts of EU Transport and TEN Policies (2002 - 2004)
Mountain Study - Analysis of mountain areas in Europe (2002 - 2004)
Via Egnatia: Motorway Case Study in Northern Greece (2002)
IASON: Spatial Impacts of European Transport Policies (2001 - 2004)
ILUMASS: Land Use and Transport (2001 - 2004)
Peripherality (2000)
Supply Quality of the Retail Sector – A Modelling Approach (1999 - 2000)
Ufo Working Group: The New Main Railway Station of the City of Dortmund (1999)
Quality of Life in European Regions (1996 - 2003)

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