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RRG GIS Database

Geography - Cities in Europe

General information

The RRG GIS city point layer provides the location and attributive information for cities in Europe. Generally, all cities with more than 50,000 inhabitants are includes, as well as all cities which are members of the Hanse (St�dtebund DIE HANSE, 2008), all cities participating in the Urban Audit programme of the European Commission (DG Regio, 2008; European Union, 2007), all cities analysed in ESPON Project 1.1.1 on urban areas as nodes in a polycentric development (Nordregio, 2004; ESPON Project 1.1.1, 2008), all cities under investigation in the RePUS project on Regional Polycentrid Urban Systems (Benini and Nali, 2007; RePUS, 2008), all cities participating in the HANSE association) (St�dtebund DIE HANSE), and all cities that represent NUTS-3 region centroids. All these cities are included in the GIS database even if they have less than 50,000 inhabitants. While the Urban Audit programme and also the ESPON Project 1.1.1 cover cities in the whole of Europe, the RePUS project is concerned with town and cities development in central-European countries like Austria, Czech Republic, Hungary, Italy, Poland, Slovakia and Slovania. Cities that are member of the Hanse association are located in Belarus, Belgium, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Iceland, Latvia, Lithuania, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Russia, Sweden and the UK.

Altogether, 4,655 cities for the whole of Europe are available. This layer can be used just for mapping purposes or as points of interest, but can also be used for specific analytical purposes. The basic features of this layer are:

Layer name: CITIES
Feature classes: Points
No of point features: 4,655
User attributes associated with the points: 31

Detailed description of the point attribute table

The following user-defined attributes are available in the CITIES layer for the point feature class:

Attribute Width Output Type Dec. Contents
POINTID 10 10 I --- Unique point ID xx.yyyy
xx = Country ID
yyyy = City number 0001 …
LABEL 30 30 C --- City name
COUNTRY 4 4 C --- ISO country code
TYPE 1 2 I --- Type of city
0 = Regular city
1 = NUTS-1 region centroid
2 = NUTS-2 region centroid
3 = NUTS-3 region centroid
4 = Capital city
NUTS1_CODE 4 4 C --- NUTS-1 region code
NUTS2_CODE 6 6 C --- NUTS-2 region code
NUTS3_CODE 8 8 C --- NUTS-3 region code
POPCITY 8 8 I --- City population (in 1,000)
POPAGG 8 8 I --- Agglomeration population (in 1,000)
POPNUTS3 8 8 I --- Population of NUTS-3 region (in 1,000)
POPNUTS2 8 8 I --- Population of NUTS-2 region (in 1,000)
POPNUTS1 8 8 I --- Population of NUTS-1 region (in 1,000)
POPCOUNT 8 8 I --- Country population (in 1,000)
HANSE 4 4 I -- Membership Hanseatic league
0 = City is not a member/ is not participating
1 = City is member of Hanse association
UA_CODE 7 7 C -- Urban Audit city code xxyyyC
xx = 2-digit ISO country code
yyy = 3-digit city number
Urban_Audit 20 20 C -- Participation in Urban Audit data collection
No participation = City is not participating in the programme
n/a = Not applicable (city outside Europe)
2003/2004 = City participating in UA since 2003/2004
2005 = City participating in UA since 2005
2006/2007 = City participating in UA since 2006/2007
FUA_ID 6 6 I --- Unique city identifier of ESPON Project 1.1.1
FUA_TYPE 4 4 I -- City classification according to ESPON Project 1.1.1
0 = City not representing a Functional Urban Area (FUA)
2 = Regional and local FUA
3 = Transnational and national FUA
4 = Metropolitan Growth Areas (MEGA)
REPUS_ID 6 6 I --- Unique city identifier of RePUS
REPUS_TYPE 4 4 I -- City classification according to RePUS
0 = City not participating in REPUS
1 = Local level town or village
2 = Regional level 1 town or city
3 = Regional level 2 town or city
4 = Trans-regional and national city
5 = European level city
UAR_TYPE 50 50 C -- Type of urban access restrictions (UARs)
LEZ = Low emission zone
TLZ = Traffic limited zone
TR = Traffic restrictions
URT = Urban road toll
Combinations of these types are possible, separated by comma
UAR_YEAR 4 5 I -- Inauguration year of first UAR
UAR_WEB 200 200 C -- Hyperlink to retrive further information on the UAR
TEN_T_NODE 4 4 I -- City node of TEN-T core network
0 = City is not a node/hub in TEN-T core network
1 = City is a node/hub in TEN-T core network
LNG_FLEET 4 4 I -- City with LNG bus fleet
0 = No LNG bus fleet in the city today
1 = City with LNG bus fleet
So far information only provided for Swedish cities
ECC_TYPE 4 4 I -- European Capital of Culture: City type
0 = No culture capital city
1 = Festival city (1985-1989)
2 = Second city (1990-2000)
3 = New city I (2001-2010)
4 = New city II (2011-2024)
ECC_YEAR 4 5 I -- European Capital of Culture: Year
0 = No culture capital
1985< = European capital of cultur
ECC_FINANCE 4 4 I -- European Capital of Culture: Budget estimation
0 = No culture capital
1 = Budget less than 30 Mio EUR
2 = Budget between 30 and 100 Mio EUR
3 = Budget more than 100 Mio EUR
METRO 5 5 C -- Flag wether city has a metro or not
NO = City has no metro
YES = City has a metro
TRAM 10 10 C -- Flag wether city has a tram or not
NO = City has no tram
YES = City has a tram
STADTBAHN = City has a tram which partly is separate from road traffic and goes underground
PORT 4 4 I -- Flag wether city has a commercial port or not
0 = City has no port
1 = City has an inland port
2 = City has a seaport
3 = City is both a seaport and inland port
AIRPORT 5 5 C -- Flag wether city has a commercial airport or not
NO = City has no airport
YES = City has an airport
X-COORD 4 12 F 3 X-coordinate (in m)
Y-COORD 4 12 F 3 Y-coordinate (in m)

POINTID represents a unique point ID, with x.0000 representing the capital city (x = country ID). The POINTIDs of those cities that at the same time represent NUTS-2, NUTS-1 or NUTS-0 region centroids are identical to the POINTIDs in the NUTS0CENT or NUTS1CENT or NUTS2CENT layers.

LABEL gives the name of the city. TYPE hierarchically differentiates the capital cities, NUTS-1 region, NUTS-2 region and NUTS-3 region centroids from the other cities. Higher level centroids are always centroids of the lower level, i.e. a NUTS-2 region centroid is always also a NUTS-3 region centroid; similarly, a NUTS-1 region centroid represents at the same time a NUTS-2 region centroid.

COUNTRY indicates the ISO country code of the country in which the city is located, whereas NUTS1_CODE, NUTS2_CODE and NUTS3_CODE provide the official NUTS-1, NUTS-2 and NUTS-3 region codes as published by Eurostat in which the city is located.

POPCITY, POPAGG, POPNUTS3, POPNUTS2, POPNUTS1 and POPCOUNT provide actual population figures for the city (POPCITY), the entire agglomeration area (POPAGG), for the respective NUTS-3 (POPNUTS3), NUTS-2 (POPNUTS2) and NUTS-1 regions (POPNUTS1) and for the overall country (POPCOUNT). If a city does not constitute a greater agglomeration area, then the population figures provided in POPAGG and POPCITY are identical.

HANSE is indicating whether or not a city is member of the Hanseatic League, which is the newly revived city network of towns and cities in northern Europe trying to keep alive and promote the cities as a place to life and a place for culture. It dates back to the 'old' HANSE network of cities which reached their greatest influence during the 16th and 17th centuries with strong political and commercial power (for more information visit the HANSE webpage).

FUA_ID, FUA_TYPE, REPUS_ID and REPUS_TYPE provide information on those cities participating in the ESPON Project 1.1.1 or Re-PUS project. FUA_ID and REPUS_ID provide the respective city codes or city number, which can be used to link additional information from the projects to the cities. FUA_TYPE and REPUS_TYPE represent the city classification, or city typologies, which were elaborated in the ESPON 1.1.1 and RePUS projects.

UA_CODE and Urban_Audit indicate whether a city participates in the Urban Audit (UA) programme. While UA_CODE gives the respective UA city code, Urban_Audit indicates the year since which the city participates.

Many cities in Europe restrict car traffic in urban centers. UAR_TYPE, UAR_YEAR and UAR_WEB give information about these urban access restrictions by type of restriction (UAR_TYPE), the year when these access restrictions were first introduced (UAR_YEAR) and a hyperlink to obtain more information (UA_WEB).

TEN_T_NODE indicates whether a city represents a node in the TEN-T core network (as defined in European Union regulation 1315/2013).

Three fields provide information about the European Capitals of Culture. ECC_TYPE indicates whether a city was a capital of culture and what type of city it then was. ECC_YEAR gives the respective year, and finally ECC_FINANCE roughly indicates the budget spent to be a European Capital of Culture.

Some fields provide information about the infrastructures available in a city. LNG_FLEET identifies cities owning an LNG bus fleet (so far only Swedish cities considered). METRO indicates whether the city has a metro system, while TRAM indicates whether the city has a tram system (with STADTBAHN as a specific tram system that partially operates in the underground); PORT indicates whether the city has a commercial inland or seaport (or both); and finally AIRPORT indicates whether the city has a commercial airport in its vicinity.

X-COORD and Y-COORD give the geographical position of the city centre.

 More on this topic
Related documents:System of NUTS-2 regions
ISO Country Codes

RRG GIS Database contents:

General information
Transport networks
Region boundaries, admninistrative boundaries

Available geographic datasets
Cities in Europe
Annotation layer
Raster systems
Geocoding Addresses

Interaction data and regional data
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